Dietary Recommendations for Adults on Dialysis

The following are the dietary recommendations for adults either who are on Dialysis or starting on Dialysis.

Salt & Sodium

Use less salt and eat fewer salty foods: this may help to control blood pressure and reduce weight gains between dialysis sessions.Use herbs, spices, and low-salt flavor enhancers in place of salt.Avoid salt substitutes made with potassium.

Meat/Protein

People on dialysis need to eat more protein. Protein can help maintain blood protein levels and improve health. Eat a high protein food (meat, fish, poultry, fresh pork, or eggs) at every meal, or about 8-10 ounces of high protein foods everyday.

Grains/Cereals/Bread

Unless you need to limit your calorie intake for weight loss and/or manage carbohydrate intake for blood sugar control, you may eat, as you desire from this food group. Grains, cereals, and breads are a good source of calories. Most people need 6 -11 servings from this group each day.

Milk/Yogurt/Cheese

Limit your intake of milk, yogurt, and cheese to ½-cup milk or ½-cup yogurt or 1-ounce cheese per day. Most dairy foods are very high in phosphorus.

Fruit/Juice

All fruits have some potassium, but certain fruits have more than others and should be limited or totally avoided. Limiting potassium protects your heart.

Limit or avoid :
Oranges and orange juice
Kiwis
Bananas
Water Melons

Vegetables/Salads

All vegetables have some potassium, but certain vegetables have more than others and should be limited or totally avoided. Limiting potassium intake protects your heart.

Choose:
Broccoli (raw or cooked from frozen)
Cabbage
Carrots
Cauliflower
Cucumber
Garlic
Green and Wax beans (“string beans”)
Peppers-all types and colors
Radishes

Limit or avoid:
Potatoes (including French Fries, potato chips and sweet potatoes)
Tomatoes and tomato sauce
Cooked spinach

Note: These are general guidelines however your diet may change on case by case based on medical history like Diabetes, Blood Pressure etc…

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